“A wise man feareth, and departeth from evil: but the fool rageth and is confident.” - Proverbs 14:16 (Cf. 12:15; 22:3).

         Solomon seemed to both curious and instructive about the thinking, feeling and actions of his listeners, and rightly so, being the instructor and teacher that God had made him.  His wisdom extended to such a level so as to make what he had to say entirely worth listening to and making a part of our lives.  This, I suspect, was God’s intention in bringing to him the great wisdom that Solomon was noted for.  
         One of the chief characteristics that he touches on again and again, is the contrast between those who are wise and those who are foolish, such as in this verse.  Here, he makes a very clear statement for us to think over carefully and to be sure that our lives are in knowing submission to; it is, after all, the teaching of one whom God sent to “instruct us, and teach us in the way in which we should go”.  
         The first appellation, “wise man” is one that appears a great deal in thee Bible:  In Genesis 41:33 we see Pharaoh choose Joseph because he saw him as a “wise man”. 
33 “Now therefore, let Pharaoh select a discerning and wise man, and set him over the land of Egypt. 

         1 Kings 2:9 we read, among David’s instructions to Solomon just before his death, that he calls Solomon a “wise man” meaning that he had the wisdom, the sense to make good decisions concerning the kingdom that he (Solomon) would be inheriting.  
Now therefore, do not hold him guiltless, for you are a wise man and know what you ought to do to him; but bring his gray hair down to the grave with blood.” 

         1 Chronicles 27:32 speaks of a a counselor, a fellow who was David’s uncle, named Jehonathan who was a counselor and a “wise man”. 
32 Also Jehonathan, David’s uncle, was a counselor, a wise man, and a scribe; and Jehiel the son of Hachmoni was with the king’s sons.

          In Job 15 Eliphaz, as a part of the three “friends” and their “comforting” of Job actually defends himself by telling Job that he was just doing what a “wise man” has to do... 

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The Actions of the Wise and the Fool
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