One of the more famous statements we read in the Psalms comes at the end of what we are considering here – verse 5b.
        I will extol You, O Lord, for You have lifted me up,
And have not let my enemies rejoice over me. 

         O Lord my God,  
I cried to You for help, and You healed me. 

         O Lord, You have brought up my soul from Sheol;
You have kept me alive, that I would not go down to the pit. 

         Sing praise to the Lord, you His godly ones,
And give thanks to His holy name. 

         For His anger is but for a moment,
His favor is for a lifetime;
Weeping may last for the night,
But a shout of joy
comes in the morning. (Psalm 30:1–5)
There are four figures of speech used in this little section:
          ·        Weeping – 
          ·        …for the night

          ·        …shout of joy
          ·        …the morning
          “Weeping” does, of course, often refer to the human act of shedding tears as a function of sadness, pain, or the like.  But in the metaphorical sense it is used frequently to speak of sadness in the general sense, intense sorrow, but sorrow never the less.  It does not always involve tears, but it does speak of serious sorrow, regret, repentance, or a strong sense of lacking, or the desire to see things become well again.  Very often, it can be a mourning over sin, our own, or that of those who are dear to us, or even the society in which we live.  It is frequent that we experience such sorrow in an ongoing fashion.  This surely so in at least several fashions:
  1. Many parents or spouses are grieved over a loss in their family and sometimes, even the barest thought of the lost one brings sorrow.
  2. Believers often mourn over their failure in spiritual matter, or perhaps in the “lost news” of others in the families or circles of friends.
  3. Likewise, believers can mourn over the state of the church or of people in their spiritual circle of friends who are not living as they ought to live.
  4. So also, many believers (an those still in the world as well) endure grief over the state of the society and world around them.  We recently saw ANOTHER mass murder down in Florida with near 100 deaths and serious  woundings all as an expression of terror and despite for those in the crosshairs of the weapons of the killer.
          I am certain that David went through several (if not all) of this circumstances of mourning.  I suspect that he, himself, in his own personal life, brought forth his mourning at times as well.  BUT, David was one who knew and walked with the Lord.  God spoke to him (he was a Prophet and God used him to write the Scripture and we have to believe that there was a real communication, David and his Lord, that was meaningful and constructive insofar as his experience in life.
          The out working of this  is what we see in this verse (V5).  Just to set the actual context here, it is apparent that what we see in verses 1-3 is the statement that God has healed David in some fashion, with verses 4-12 records David lifting up praise to God for that healing.  The title, btw, tells us that this particular Psalm was composed by David for the celebration of the dedication of the Temple.  Now we know that David was not permitted to build the Temple because he was “a man of war”.  Solomon was the one who actually built the Temple (hence it is called the “Solomonic Temple” as opposed to Herod’s Temple on Jesus’ day).  So this Psalm, apparently, was written before David’s death (not really hard to figure as is written and attributed to David) for the opening of the Temple.  Interestingly, the Temple itself does not figure much in the text of the Psalm. 
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