John, obviously to any reader, was led by God to spend a great amount of his writing on the concept of eternal life.  From Jn. 2:23 through 17:26 he records for us the ministry of the Son of God and the topic of his imparting eternal life and describes what it is and what it does.
‘Many people saw the miraculous signs He was doing and trusted in His name’ (Jn. 2:23). 
          In His interview with Nicodemus, a rigid moralist and a Sanhedrin member, 
1.      In v1, Jesus showed the necessity of regeneration, ‘You
must be born again,’ 
2.      In v7, and the necessity of His death to accomplish a basis for this spiritual transaction, ‘so the Son of Man
must be lifted up,’ 
3.      Then in v14, in a most solemn fashion (‘I tell you the truth,’ vv3, 5) Jesus declared that no one can ‘see,’ (v3), or enter, the kingdom of God unless he is ‘born of water’ (figure of the cleansing Word, Eph 5:26; Jas 1:18; 1 Pet 1:23;) and of the Spirit (the Holy Spirit, the Agent in regeneration), v5.

          This is a supernatural imparting of eternal life on the basis of Christ’s death, typified by the Mosaic serpent in the wilderness, 14 (see Num 21:5–20; 2 Cor 5:21). The theme of John’s gospel is clearly displayed in one of the most famous verses in all of the Bible - verse 16.
16 For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. 
          Just by way of a beginning to our thinking on this wonderful verse we can say by way of a summary that this single verse is actually a fabulous summary  in and of itself of the gospel, and really of the entire Bible. 
          The very first word we see is “
For” and it connects v. 16 to v. 15 and explains what happened to make it possible that someone can “have eternal life” (v. 15), that is, through believing in Christ. 
         And so, “For” or because “
God so loved the world” which is an astounding statement in that context because the OT and other Jewish writings had spoken only of God’s love for his people Israel. God’s love for “the world” made it possible for “whosoever” (v. 15) believes in Christ, not Jews alone, to have eternal life.
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